Explosion Venting

Explosion Venting

Explosion Venting is a cost effective method to mitigate the consequences of a gas or dust explosion. Explosion vents are designed for deflagrations. This is the rapid burning of a mixture of dust or gas or hybrid within an oxygen-rich atmosphere (typically air) leading to a very rapid pressure rise at subsonic speeds inside the vessel or system. The developed flame and pressure front is discharged through the explosion vent opening, and if designed correctly will reduce the overpressure inside the equipment from a dangerous Pmax level (if the equipment is not designed to resist Pmax) to Pred (below the strength of the equipment)

Unless this pressure is relieved the vessel or system can be ruptured, causing the products of the rapid combustion to be released uncontrollably causing widespread damage to plant and personnel. Explosion venting must be to a safe area where the vented flame width and length are calculated and taken into account.

The calculated explosion vent area is dependent on the geometry of the equipment being protected , the product explosion characteristics of the product Kst and Pmax as well as the pressure shock resistant strength related to Pred. The required effective vent area for isolated enclosures can be calculated using the most recent editions of internationally recognised NFPA 68:2013 and EN 14491:2012 (Adopted formulas from VDI3673) standards, depending on your requirements. The “Australian Code of Practice for Handling Combustible Dusts” AS/NZS :4745 requires the use of certified explosion vents and allows you the choice of which of the above standards and methods to use.

Explosion vents are categorised for “single use” applications – such as Bursting Discs or “multiple use” applications such as some Explosion Doors . There are not many explosion doors on the market that can guarantee high effective vent areas as well as multiple use because the forces of the explosion need to be resisted and absorbed by the explosion door. CMC Technologies does however have this unique product available through its distribution agreement with Thorwesten Vent. These explosion doors can be combined with emergency inerting systems so that they are activated after an explosion and after the explosion door closes.

Where the risk analysis allows for single use explosion vents (bursting discs) then CMC Technologies through its distribution agreement with Brilex – provides a very high quality explosion vent at the most economical prices on the market. Brilex explosion vents can be used for applications with vent ducts or flameless vents for protecting vessels that are located indoors. Brilex explosion vents can be used in combination with active and passive explosion isolation measures that are essential to comply with current standards.

BRILEX – EXPLOSION VENTS

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BRILEX Explosion Vents (part of the Hoerbiger Safety Solutions Group) and represented by CMC Technologies , combine safety and shorter opening times. The light-weight and simple construction guarantees a quick and safe opening of the disc. The higher service life enables their use under the hardest conditions. This can be as high as a “sixty-fold” benefit compared to traditional triple section designs that are now “out-of-date”.

Explosion Relief Venting
Venting of dust explosions has been practiced for more than 50 years and provides the best protection for facilities where dust explosions can occur. When specifying explosion vents, the immense impact of pressure waves and flame propagation in the outside area need to be considered. Explosion relief must therefore be directed to a safe area. BRILEX – Explosion Vents are specially designed for relief of dust explosions. By early relief of an incipient explosion, BRILEX Explosion Vents protect people and industry worldwide.

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THORWESTEN VENT – EXPLOSION DOORS

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To all industries in which inflammable bulk materials with fines content are stored and/or processed, Thorwesten Vent offers innovative products of well proven quality and functionality for the realisation of constructional explosion protection. The range of products comprises of: – devices for explosion venting of silos, filters and other process vessels – limited pressure shock resistant, explosion vent-equipped silos – devices inhibiting accelerated flame front- and pressure shock propagation through ducts (explosion doors in strategically chosen positions) and devices out-diverting flame- and pressure shock effects from ducts (explosion diverters)

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